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“Marine Industry of Russia”
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Department of affairs of the President of the Russian Federation

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24-25 May 2017
Forum bulletin

Custom Clearance at Dry Ports

February 01, 2010

Public interests will consolidate with private ones.

From this March, the order of the Federal Customs Service (FCS) On the Competence of Customs Bodies in Performance of Customs Operations in Respect of Goods Transported via Sea (Inland) Transport dated September 15, 2009, comes into effect. Now, cargoes will be cleared by customs houses at sea border ports, which, according to stevedores, will give a stimulus to the development of “dry ports”. The customs officers themselves believe that this measure will accelerate cargo clearance.

In recent years, the imports receiver had two options. Either he could have his importation cleared by the customs and file a declaration to a border customs station located close to a sea port, or announce internal customs transit with the following declaring at the internal customs station.

According to the FCS, the order permits centralizing the customs clearance of cargoes delivered by the maritime transport at seaports’ customs stations.

The source of “Gudok” in the Service noticed that the order fits the concept of customs clearance and control at the customs stations located near the state border. The concept is to develop border customs stations, speed up cargo clearance, reduce transport load of large cities and decrease the volume of illegal trade.

At the same time, longshoremen of the North-West region relate the current customs reform with their striving of the development of the so called dry ports system.

“Per se, they are large logistics centers with powers of the customs body performing customs clearance of cargoes delivered to a seaport” – says the source of “Gudok” in the port of Saint-Petersburg. – It will help to relieve port terminals from cargoes stored at expectation of customs clearance, and increase the capacity of loading berths.”

“The customs clearance reform is to be consistent and have no sharp effect on established freight traffics, – says the source of “Gudok”. – The issue of the order related only to offshore custom stations may lead to redistribution of cargoes which are preferably cleared at internal custom stations to the ports of the Baltic countries and Finland.”

Currently, not each port is interested in establishment of logistic center. This reluctance especially refers to the ports with relatively low cargo traffic.

Alexey Bezborodov, the head of Infranews Research Agency, doubts that complex freight customs clearance at border customs station will really begin in the spring time: “The ports’ infrastructure is not ready yet, and the state machine is rather heavy-footed”.

There are “dry ports” only in the north-west direction, and they are only four. One of these ports is ready to receive cargoes. This is Logistika-Terminal, CJSC, being the logistics center of the National Container Company in Shushary linked to the First container terminal.

The terminal Logistic Park Yanino is under construction. Like Petrolesport and Moby Dick, it belongs to Global Ports Investments. Temporary storage warehouses of CJSC Konkord (Osinovaya Roscha) and CJSC Transsfera-International started activities on “dry port” development. The ports of the country will learn by the example of Saint-Petersburg companies.


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By: “Ideological buiseness-projects”

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